The Embassy of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (Rangoon)

Bangladesh Country Profile

Official Name People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Head of the State President Md. Abdul Hamid
Head of the Government Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Geographical location Bangladesh is situated in the eastern part of the South Asian sub-Continent. It lies between latitudes 20034©

and 26038© Noth, and longitudes 88001© and 92041© East. The Country is bordered by India on the east,

west and north, and by the Bay of Bengal in the south and having a small border strip with Myanmar in the


Area 1,47,570 sq km (56,977 sq miles)
Administrative units 8 Divisions, 64 Districts, 488 Upazilas, 4,550 Unions, 59,990 Mouzas,

87,316 Hamlets

City Corporations 11
Municipalities 321
Capital Dhaka
Nationality Bangladeshi
Official Language Bangla
Currency Taka/Tk. (US$ 1=Tk 77.80)
Time GMT+6 hours
Population (as of 04 November 2015) 159 Million
Population Growth Rate (2011) 1.37%
Population Density per (2013) 1049
Sex ratio (2011) 103 males per 100 females
Fertility Rate (per woman, 2011) 2.11%
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (2013) 62.4%
Life Expectancy at Birth (2014) 70.7 years
Infant Mortality per 1000 Live Births (below1year,2013) 20.30
Literacy Rate, 7+yrs, (2015) 62.3%
Percentage of Labour Force in Agriculture Sector (2013) 45.1%
Industries Sector (2013) 20.8%
Percentage of other Labour Force (2013) 34.1%
GDP growth rate (2014-15) 6.51%
Per capita GDP (2014-15) US$ 1314
Saving-GDP Ratio (2014-15) 29.12%
Revenue Expenditure-GDP Ratio (2014-15) 16.55%
Investment-GDP Ratio (2013-14) 28.97%
Population below Poverty Line (2015) 24.3% (daily intake below 2122 k. Cal.)
Main Seasons Spring (February-March), Summer (April-June), Monsoon (July-September),

Autumn (October-November), Winter (December-January)

Annual Average Rainfall 200.5 mm
Monsoon Rainfall 1220 mm to 2114 mm (Average: 1645
Annual Average Temperature 21.30 C (minimum) to 30.60 C (maximum)
Annual Average Humidity 81%
Principal Rivers Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli
Principal Crops and Fruits Rice, Wheat, Jute, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Pulses, Oilseeds, Spices, Potato, Vegetables, Banana, Mango,

Coconut and Jackfruit


Principal Industries Readymade garments, jute and cotton textiles, tea processing, paper, cement, chemical fertilizers,

light engineering, sugar, oil refining, steel, shipbuilding, brick manufacturing, real estate, carpet

making, ceramic-ware, pharmaceuticals, assembling buses & trucks, plastic ware, consumer electronics

Principal Mineral Resources Natural gas, coal, limestone, ceramic clay, glass sand, hard rock
Principal Exports Readymade garments, raw jute, jute goods, tea, shrimp, fish, finished leatherand leather goods, pharmaceuticals,

flowers, fruit and vegetables, ceramic-ware, IT and ITES, handicrafts, newsprint

Total Export Receipts (2014-2015 US$ 30.17 billion
Total Import Expenditure (2014-2015) US$ 40.67 billion
Total Remittance Receipts (2014-2015) US$ 14.22 billion
Foreign Currency Reserve (as of 1st November 2015) US$ 27 billion
Seaports Chittagong and Mongla
International Airports Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet
Domestic Airports Jessore, Ishwardi, Comilla, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Barisal
Radio stations Transmissions cover the entire country. Apart from

national terrestrial radio (Bangladesh Betar), there are 4 non Government FM radio channels in Bangladesh.

TV Channels There are 2 terrestrial state run TV channels: Bangladesh Television ( BTV ) and Sangshad Television. BTV runs

a TV channel BTV World which broadcasts by satellite 24 hours a day to Asia, Australasia and the Middle East.

Besides, there are 41 non Government TV Channels in Bangladesh

Popular sports Cricket, Football, Hockey, Kabaddi, (national game), Swimming, Volleyball, Badminton, Chess
Telephone per 100 people Landphone-2.07 Cell Phone-63.74
Mobile telephony penetration (mid 2015) 128.769 million
Export Processing Zones (EPZs) 08
Special Economic Zones (SEZs) 22

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